Evacuation simulations with the regulations in self-protection plans
Currently, the requirements to perform evacuation calculations (width of doors, corridors, distance of routes, number of exits, etc.) are included in the Technical Building Code (CTE) in the case of buildings, and the Fire Safety Regulation in industrial establishments (RSCIEI), in the case of industrial establishments, but there are no specific regulations for open spaces. Given the characteristics of these spaces, the regulations do not always provide adequate solutions; for example, they present limitations when it comes to delimiting the capacity and evacuation capacities of these outdoor spaces.
Thus, technicians who carry out self-protection plans often have to answer questions that currently have no answer in the regulations, for example:
Do you have to limit the capacity in the Sitges Carnival parade? What is the capacity of the streets of the Gràcia festivities in Barcelona? How do we foresee the evacuation at the Berga Patum festivities?
The operation of evacuation programs, determine the behavior and flows that take place in an evacuation, and are based on modulating the movement of the extras with algorithms on social strength, taking into account parameters such as acceleration, the desired speed , the desired direction, interaction with the rest of the extras depending on the living space, interaction with obstacles, etc.